Atopic cheilitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the red border of the lips, which arises from the allergic reaction of the body to various stimuli. Atopic cheilitis is manifested by itching, burning, swelling, soreness, dryness, peeling of the red border of the lips and skin of the perioral region. Diagnosis is based on history, clinical manifestations, histological examination of tissues, skin tests. Treatment includes the use of antihistamines and corticosteroids, vitamins, topical application of hormonal ointments and exposure to Bucca rays.
Causes of atopic cheilitis
Most often, the development of cheilitis is associated with a genetic predisposition to atopic allergy, as well as disorders of the autonomic and central nervous system. Pathological process, as a rule, “start” any violations in the body: general immunity reduction, chronic diseases, malnutrition, lack of vitamins and minerals, frequent stresses, excessive physical and mental stress.
There are many different irritants that can become the direct cause of an allergic reaction; among the common allergens can be called drugs, pollen, food, household dust and much more. In addition, relapse of the disease is due to diseases of the lungs and gastrointestinal tract, pathology of the endocrine system, diseases of the ENT organs, intestinal dysbiosis, psychological stress, bad habits and other factors.
Treatment of atopic cheilitis
The general treatment of atopic cheilitis is the elimination of irritating factors and the implementation of nonspecific desensitizing therapy: antihistamines (chloropyramine, loratadine, mebhydroline, hifenadine), corticosteroids (prednisolone or dexamethasone), histaglobulin (subcutaneously), sodium thiosulfate (intravenously) are used for this purpose. If necessary, tranquilizers (oxazepam, diazepam, etc.) are prescribed.
Vitaminotherapy is carried out vitamins В1, В6, В12, С, РР are especially important. Locally used ointments based on corticosteroids prednisolone or hydrocortisone are effective. Also, applications of keratoplastic agents, vitamins A and E in oil, use of dental adhesive paste are recommended.