Finding in his chest a seal in the form of a pea or a small ball, the women go to the doctor with the hope that this is not a cancerous tumor. Having learned that the tumor is benign, they begin to doubt whether it is necessary to do the operation, to cut out the tumor. This issue is especially worried about pregnant women who have found a fibroadenoma of the breast. There are situations in which it is dangerous to defer an operation or to refuse it. In each case, the doctor individually decides which treatment method to choose.
Fibroadenoma is a tumor formation in the mammary gland, which is formed by the proliferation of connective (fibrous) tissue fibers. It has a benign character, but in some cases it degenerates into a malignant tumor (sarcoma).
A tumor is found in the form of a soft spherical formation with a diameter of 5 mm to several centimeters. Unlike a cancer tumor, fibroadenoma is not associated with the skin of the breast, it freely moves when palpation . It is localized, as a rule, in the upper outer part of the gland. And it occurs in one of them or simultaneously in both. Perhaps the formation of several tumors located in different areas of the breast.
The tumor is painless. With a significant size of the neoplasm, an increase in the mammary gland is observed. Her skin has a normal appearance.
The tumor is hormone-dependent. It is formed and grows as a result of excess of the norm of the content of estrogens in the body, which can be caused by endocrine disorders, the use of hormonal drugs, including for the purpose of contraception. Hyperestrogenism can also occur as a result of ovarian disease, obesity, inadequate physical activity of a woman and the impact of other factors. Most often, such a tumor is found in women aged 20-35 years, when the estrogen content in the body reaches a maximum.
The choice of treatment depends on the woman’s age, size and type of fibroadenoma. There are 2 methods of treatment; conservative and operative.
Remove the fibroadenoma or not, the doctor decides after the examination, which includes ultrasound, mammography, a blood test for hormones and antibodies to cancer cells, a biopsy of the mammary glands followed by histological examination of the tumor tissue.