Hemorrhoids or anal fissure is a common and unpleasant phenomenon and represents a pathological process in the anal and rectum areas in the form of varicose veins. Violation of venous outflow of blood leads to its stagnation in the veins of the rectum with subsequent thickening and coagulation. And this, in turn, contributes to the development of pathological expansion of the hemorrhoidal veins, their thrombosis and tortuosity, in other words the formation of hemorrhoids, which in a state of rest decrease, and when straining swell and increase.
Hemorrhoids is a serious disease, which can not be postponed, because the disease is accompanied by severe complications in the form of purulent paraproctitis, edema of the anus, excessive bleeding, necrosis of the tissues of the hemorrhoids.
The main cause of the development of this disease is a violation of the functions of the vessels of the inferior part of the rectum of an innate character, which contributes to excessive blood flow and its stagnation in the cavernous veins of the rectum, which under unfavorable conditions easily expand.
Symptoms of hemorrhoids
An increase in hemorrhoids leads to their inflammation, periodic bleeding and their loss to the outside. The very first alarm of the disease is the appearance of a feeling of discomfort, itching, burning, heat in the anus, gravity in the groin. Later, as the disease progresses, severe pain, edema, fever, hyperemia in the region of the anal opening, difficulty in bowel movement, accompanied by pain, are added.
Treatment of hemorrhoids
There is a conservative or therapeutic and surgical method for treating hemorrhoids, in which hemorrhoidal nodes are surgically removed using anesthesia. As a rule, conservative methods of treatment are most often used, surgical methods are used in advanced stages of the disease, when there are large drop-out nodes, therapeutic treatment does not help, and excessive bleeding is observed.
It should be noted that the more advanced the disease, the more radical the method uses for its treatment. The development of hemorrhoids occurs in four stages. As a rule, at the first stage of the development of the disease, its symptoms are practically absent, or manifest in a weak form and rarely (bloating, pain or mild bleeding during defecation).