In the first days after the birth of a child, breastfeeding in many women is associated with painful sensations. The big problem is the appearance of cracks in the nipples. Incorrect expression or putting the baby to the breast can lead to stagnation of milk. A serious threat is the development of mastitis in the nursing mother, which greatly complicates the process of feeding and can even make it impossible. It is necessary to know how to act when the first signs of the disease are detected. To prevent the emergence of severe complications, you can, following the rules of prevention.
Features of lactational mastitis
Penetration of the infection and the impact of various adverse factors leads to the occurrence of mastitis is an inflammatory process in the lobules and ducts of the breast. This disease often occurs in nursing mothers. It is called lactation mastitis in this case. In contrast to lactostasis (swelling and hardening of the breast as a result of blockage of the milk ducts), mastitis occurs due to penetration of the nerve pathogens into the nipple and the spread of the gland throughout the gland.
Through the cracks that form on the delicate skin of the nipples when the baby sucks the milk, the mammary gland can get staphylococci, streptococci, fungi, E. coli and other microbes. Through the numerous lymphatic and blood vessels they enter the ducts and lobules.
Infection penetrates into them not only through damage to the skin of the nipples, but also is infiltrated with blood and lymph from other affected areas of the body, for example, in the presence of a nursing mother of patients with teeth, sore throat, inflammation of the bladder, intestines.
The appearance and development of the inflammatory process is promoted by such factors as a decrease in immunity (characteristic of women during the postpartum period), hypothermia, physical overwork, stress, the presence of cystic cavities or other neoplasms in the chest.
If during the period of breastfeeding there are condensations and painful symptoms, you should not try to knead the lumps with force. This will lead to an accelerated spread of infection, increased swelling and breast density. There are special methods of massage, with which a breastfeeding specialist can familiarize.