Mastopathy is pathological fibrocystic changes in the breast tissue, characterized by the appearance of dense, often painful, fine-grained formations. Disturbing engorgement, tenderness of the gland, more pronounced before menstruation, serous, sometimes spotting from the nipple. Has a tendency to relapse, is a factor of cancer risk. Diagnosis of mastopathy requires mammography, ultrasound of the mammary glands, if necessary diaphanoscopy, MRI of the mammary glands, pneumocystography, puncture biopsy. Treatment of mastopathy is carried out by conservative methods. With the risk of malignant nodular mastopathy, the operative removal of the node is carried out.
Causes of mastopathy
A full understanding of the causes and mechanisms of the development of mastopathy is not available at the moment, but there is every reason to assert that hormonal status plays a significant role in the onset of this disease. Factors contributing to the development of mastopathy: early menopause, menstrual disorders (hormonal dysfunctions, polycystic ovary syndrome, improper intake of hormonal contraceptives), prolonged absence of labor, numerous (more than three) abortions, irregular sexual activity (or lack thereof), genital organs diseases, lactation less than three months, endocrine pathologies ( hypo and hyperthyroidism, impaired functionhypothalamic and pituitary regulation, the work of the adrenal glands, liver, pancreas), hereditary predisposition.
Symptoms of mastopathy
The most characteristic symptom of mastopathy is the detection of compaction in the mammary gland upon palpation. Often, this compaction may be painful, the pain is usually worse in the second phase of the menstrual cycle and just before menstruation. The seal can be single, several nodules can be identified, all of the gland can be compacted. Mastopathy is characterized by the defeat of both glands, mainly their upper parts.
Treatment of mastopathy
In the treatment of mastopathy, a significant role is played by the correction of the hormonal balance of the body. When choosing the tactics of treatment, it is necessary to consult a gynecologist and an endocrinologist. These specialists jointly perform a thorough analysis of the endocrine system and prescribe drugs that correspond to the identified pathologies.
With severe estrogenia (and considerable soreness), agents can be prescribed that reduce the effect of these hormones on the mammary gland (tamoxifen, toremifene citrate). To normalize the menstrual cycle, oral contraceptives are used (chosen in accordance with the hormonal status). To treat functional disorders of the thyroid gland used drugs that regulate the production of thyroid hormones. Vitamin complexes help improve liver function and normalize metabolic processes.