Patients who have experienced a special type of heart attack that affects mainly young women are recommended conservative treatment, in which natural healing occurs. This was reported by Mayo Clinic specialists. The results of the study were published today on the website of the medical institution.
The type of heart attack in question is caused by spontaneous stratification, or dissection, of the coronary artery (PKA). Most heart attacks occur when a plaque grows in the artery over a long period of time. This plaque ruptures, a thrombus is formed, and blood flow closes, which leads to a heart attack. In the case of PKA, a rupture occurs in the artery itself, which also blocks the flow of blood. In the framework of this study, scientists have found that contrary to popular belief, the treatment of an RCA in the treatment of heart attacks due to atherosclerosis can cause further stratification and damage to the vessel.
The report, presented by scientists, provides an overview of currently known symptoms of RCC, risk factors, the frequency of relapse in patients who survived RCA, the connection with pregnancy and such factors as physical and emotional stress, links to other diseases of the arteries (eg, fibromuscular dysplasia), as well as recommendations for the treatment of such patients. The paper noted that despite the apparent illogicality of the statement, conservative treatment is the most effective approach of all known, since patients who have not had stents, the gaps heal on their own for several weeks or months, and in some cases the healing process occurs in for several days.
Scientists also urged doctors and researchers to pay more attention to this condition, because often the RCA is not recognized or interpreted incorrectly. The RCA affects mainly women between the ages of 45 and 53, so a heart attack is not immediately suspected.